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11 Airbnb SQL Interview Questions - Can You Solve Them?

Updated on

February 6, 2024

At Airbnb, SQL is used day-to-day for analyzing customer behavior to improve property recommendations and monitoring system performance for seamless booking experiences. Unsurprisingly this is why Airbnb LOVES to ask SQL problems in interviews for Data Analyst, Data Science, and BI jobs.

In case you want to ace the SQL Assessment, we've curated 11 Airbnb SQL interview questions to practice, which are similar to recently asked questions at Airbnb – able to answer them all?

Airbnb SQL Interview Questions

11 Airbnb SQL Interview Questions

SQL Question 1: Identify Power Users on Airbnb

For a company like Airbnb, power users might be those who have both hosted and rented apartments frequently in the past year. Write a SQL query to find the for users who have hosted at least 10 times and have stayed at other apartments at least 10 times in the past year. For simplicity, assume the current date is 2022-12-31.

For this question, you can consider two hypothetical tables and .

Example Input:
host_iduser_idhost_date
12312022-06-08
45622022-07-10
78912022-06-18
49522022-07-26
45012022-06-05
Example Input:
stay_iduser_idstay_date
10812022-06-09
22022022-07-15
33012022-06-20
44012022-07-25
55022022-06-10

Answer:


This query finds users who have both hosted and stayed for at least 10 times each in the current year. It uses Common Table Expressions (CTEs) for readability and maintainability.

To solve a related customer analytics question on DataLemur's free interactive SQL code editor, try this recently asked Microsoft SQL interview question: Microsoft SQL Interview Question: Teams Super User

SQL Question 2: Analyzing Monthly Average Ratings of Airbnb Property Listings

Given the table with columns: , , , , , write a SQL query to get the average rating of each Airbnb property listing per month. The column represents when the review was submitted. The column represents the unique ID of the Airbnb property, and represents the rating given by the user where 1 is the lowest and 5 is the highest rating.

Example Input:
review_iduser_idsubmit_datelisting_idstars
617112301/02/2022 00:00:00500014
780226501/15/2022 00:00:00698524
529336201/22/2022 00:00:00500013
635219202/05/2022 00:00:00698523
451798102/10/2022 00:00:00698522

Answer:


This SQL query will first group the data by month and listing_id. For each group, it calculates the average rating. The function is used to get the month from . The function is used to calculate the average stars rating. In the end, it orders the results by and .

Example Output:
mthlisting_idavg_stars
1500013.50
1698524.00
2698522.50

p.s. Window functions show up super frequently during SQL interviews, so practice the 27+ window function questions on DataLemur

DataLemur SQL Questions

SQL Question 3: What does the keyword do?

The keyword removes duplicates from a query.

Suppose you had a table of Airbnb customers, and wanted to figure out which cities the customers lived in, but didn't want duplicate results.

table:

namecity
AkashSF
BrittanyNYC
CarlosNYC
DiegoSeattle
EvaSF
FayeSeattle

You could write a query like this to filter out the repeated cities:


Your result would be:

city
SF
NYC
Seattle

Airbnb SQL Interview Questions

SQL Question 4: Retrieve Housing Data from Specific Cities

You're a data analyst at Airbnb and you've been tasked with retrieving housing data from specific cities. You want to find all Airbnb listings in San Francisco and New York that have at least 10 reviews and an average rating equal to or above 4.5.

Assume you have two tables: a table with the ID of the housing, its name, city, and the total number of reviews; and a table with the ID of the listing, the review ID, the rating, and the date submitted.

Example Input:
listing_idnamecityreviews_count
10001"Central Loft""San Francisco"15
10002"Cozy Apartment""New York"20
10003"Sunny Studio""San Francisco"8
10004"Stylish Suite""Las Vegas"13
10005"Dreamy Duplex""New York"5
Example Input:
listing_idreview_idstarssubmit_date
10001150014.52022-06-08
10001150025.02022-06-10
10002150034.02022-06-18
10002150045.02022-07-26
10003150053.52022-07-05
10004150064.52022-06-08
10005150073.02022-06-10

Answer:


The above query works as follows:

  1. We join the table (alias 'l') with the table (alias 'r') using the as the common column between the two tables.
  2. In the WHERE clause, we filter the cities to "San Francisco" and "New York", and the to be at least 10.
  3. In the GROUP BY clause, we group by . This allows us to calculate the average rating for each listing.
  4. In the HAVING clause, we filter the average rating to be at least 4.5.

By joining the tables, filtering, grouping, and running the average function, we're able to get the desired listings in those cities with the specific review conditions. undefined

SQL Question 5: What is the purpose of the SQL constraint ?

{#Question-5}

The UNIQUE constraint is used to ensure the uniqueness of the data in a column or set of columns in a table. It prevents the insertion of duplicate values in the specified column or columns and helps to ensure the integrity and reliability of the data in the database.

For example, say you were on the Marketing Analytics team at Airbnb and were doing some automated keyword research:

Your keyword database might store SEO data like this:


In this example, the UNIQUE constraint is applied to the "keyword" field to ensure that each keyword is unique. This helps to ensure the integrity of the data in the database and prevents errors that could occur if two rows had the same keyword.

SQL Question 6: Find the Average Number of Guests per Booking in Each City for Airbnb

As an analyst at Airbnb, one of the most useful insights you could provide would be to understand the average number of guests per booking across locations. For this question, we would like you to write a SQL query that will find the average number of guests per booking in each city.

Example Input:
booking_idproperty_idguestsbooking_date
1014523301/01/2022
1029871201/05/2022
1034523402/10/2022
1047452102/20/2022
1059871303/01/2022
Example Input:
property_idcity
4523New York
9871Los Angeles
7452Chicago
Example Output:
cityaverage_guests
New York3.5
Los Angeles2.5
Chicago1.0

Answer:


In this query, we first join the and tables on , allowing us to access both the and columns in the same query. We then group by , so we get a separate row for each city in our output. For each group, we calculate the average number of guests.

To practice a very similar question try this interactive Robinhood Cities With Completed Trades Question which is similar for requiring SQL analysis grouped by city or this Amazon Average Review Ratings Question which is similar for needing an average calculation.

SQL Question 7: What's the difference between relational and non-relational databases?

While both types of databases are used to store data (no duh!), relational databases and non-relational (also known as NoSQL databases) differ in a few important ways, most importantly on the way data is stored. Relational databases use a data model consisting of tables and rows, while NoSQL databases use a variety of data models, including document, key-value, columnar, and graph storage formats.

This added flexibilty makes NoSQL databases great for non-tabular data (like hierarchal data or JSON data), or data where the type/format is constantly evolving. With this added flexibility, comes one big weakness – you won't get ACID-compliance. That means, unlike relational databases which are typically adhere to the ACID properties (atomic, consistent, isolated, and durable), you don't get as strong guarentees with most non-relational databases.

SQL Question 8: Analyzing click-through rates for Airbnb Listing Views and Bookings

The scenario is that Airbnb wants to analyze the click-through conversion rates (CTRs) of their listings. The CTR is calculated by dividing the number of bookings by the number of listing views, giving a proportion of views that resulted in a booking.

Consider you have two tables: one showing all the views for a listing () and another one showing all bookings ().

Example Input:
view_iduser_idvisit_datelisting_id
101107/08/20221001
102127/08/20221002
103147/09/20221001
104107/10/20221003
105137/11/20221002
Example Input:
booking_iduser_idbooking_datelisting_id
201107/09/20221001
202127/10/20221002
203157/12/20221003
204137/13/20221002
205127/14/20221001

The question is to write a SQL query to find the CTR for every unique listing in July 2022.

Answer:

Here is a PostgreSQL query answer:


The query utilises two subqueries ( and ) to calculate the counts of views and bookings respectively for each listing for the month of July. The final query joins these subqueries via a LEFT JOIN (to include those listings which were viewed but never booked), and calculates the CTR as . The function is used to avoid division by zero error.

To practice a similar SQL problem on DataLemur's free online SQL coding environment, solve this Meta SQL interview question: Facebook App CTR SQL Interview question

SQL Question 9: The Most Popular City for Airbnb Stays

As a data analyst for Airbnb, you've been asked to determine the city that has had the most bookings (reservations) in the past year. You are given two tables - a 'bookings' table with booking IDs, user IDs, listing IDs, and booking dates, and a 'listings' table with listing IDs, city locations, and host IDs.

Provide a SQL query that returns the city with the maximum number of bookings, along with the number of bookings.

Example Input:
booking_iduser_idlisting_idbooking_date
1011235000106/08/2022
1022656985206/10/2022
1033625000106/18/2022
1041926985207/26/2022
1059816985207/05/2022
Example Input:
listing_idcityhost_id
50001Amsterdam876
69852Barcelona974

Answer:


This query works by joining the 'bookings' table with the 'listings' table on the shared 'listing_id'. After joining, the 'city' in the 'listings' table is grouped by, and for each city, the number of bookings is counted (by counting the 'booking_id' in the 'bookings' table). The results are then ordered by the number of bookings in descending order, and finally, the top result (the city with the most bookings) is selected. undefined

SQL Question 10: What's the SQL command do, and when would you use it?

The SQL command merges the results of multiple statements and keeps only those rows that are present in all sets.

For example, say you were doing an HR Analytics project for Airbnb, and had access to Airbnb's employees and contractors data. Assume that some employees were previously contractors, and vice versa, and thus would show up in both tables. You could use operator to find all contractors who also show up in the employees table:


SQL Question 11: Analyze Host Listings and Booking Transactions

As an Airbnb data analyst, you have been asked to analyze the performance of hosts' listings in the past year. Your task is to identify the top 10 listings with the most bookings.

There are two tables involved. One is the 'hosts' table that provides details about each host and its respective listing. The other one is 'bookings' table that records each booking transaction.

The 'hosts' table:

host_idlisting_idlisting_namecity
101201PenthouseNew York
102202Ocean ViewSan Francisco
103203Country HouseAustin

The 'bookings' table:

booking_iduser_idlisting_idbooking_date
30140120106/08/2022
30240220206/10/2022
30340320207/10/2022
30440420308/08/2022
30540520109/08/2022

Remarks:

Both tables can be joined on the 'listing_id' field.

Answer:


This query first joins the 'hosts' and 'bookings' tables based on the 'listing_id' field. It then groups the result by 'listing_id' and 'listing_name' from the 'hosts' table. For each group, it calculates the total number of bookings, and finally sorts the groups based on this count in descending order. It returns the top 10 listings with the most bookings.

Because joins come up frequently during SQL interviews, try an interactive SQL join question from Spotify: SQL join question from Spotify

Preparing For The Airbnb SQL Interview

The key to acing a Airbnb SQL interview is to practice, practice, and then practice some more! Beyond just solving the earlier Airbnb SQL interview questions, you should also solve the 200+ SQL questions from real Data Science & Analytics interviews which come from companies like Facebook, Google, and VC-backed startups. DataLemur Questions

Each exercise has hints to guide you, full answers and best of all, there is an online SQL code editor so you can instantly run your SQL query answer and have it graded.

To prep for the Airbnb SQL interview you can also be useful to practice interview questions from other tech companies like:

But if your SQL foundations are weak, don't worry about jumping right into solving questions – refresh your SQL knowledge with this SQL tutorial for Data Scientists & Analysts.

SQL tutorial for Data Analytics

This tutorial covers SQL concepts such as working with string/text data and creating summary stats with GROUP BY – both of which pop up frequently in Airbnb SQL interviews.

You should also think criticially about Airbnb's Database & System Design BEFORE you step into the interview. Airbnb Database Schema

Airbnb Data Science Interview Tips

What Do Airbnb Data Science Interviews Cover?

For the Airbnb Data Science Interview, in addition to SQL query questions, the other types of questions to practice:

  • Statistics and Probability Questions
  • Python or R Programming Questions
  • Business Sense and Product-Sense Questions
  • Machine Learning and Predictive Modeling Questions
  • Behavioral Based Interview Questions

Airbnb Data Scientist

How To Prepare for Airbnb Data Science Interviews?

The best way to prepare for Airbnb Data Science interviews is by reading Ace the Data Science Interview. The book's got:

  • 201 Interview Questions from FAANG (FB, Apple, Amazon, Netflix, Google)
  • A Crash Course covering Stats, SQL & ML
  • Great Reviews (900+ 5-star reviews on Amazon)

Ace the Data Science Interview by Nick Singh Kevin Huo