logo

10 Lockheed Martin SQL Interview Questions (Updated 2024)

Updated on

December 6, 2023

At Lockheed Martin, SQL is crucial for querying aerospace supply-chain databases, and for analyzing sales of it's different products sold. Because of this, Lockheed Martin frequently asks SQL coding questions in interviews for Data Science, Data Engineering and Data Analytics jobs.

In case you're preparing for a SQL Interview, we've curated 10 Lockheed Martin SQL interview questions to practice, which are similar to recently asked questions at Lockheed Martin – able to answer them all?

Lockheed Martin

Lockheed Martin SQL Interview Questions

SQL Question 1: Identify Top Revenue-Generating Customers

As an interviewee, you are given two SQL tables. One, "orders", is a record of all purchases made by Lockheed Martin customers, and the other, "users", contains details about the customers. Your task is to write a SQL query that identifies the top 10 customers who have generated the highest revenue for Lockheed Martin in the year 2022.

"users" table Example Input:
user_idnamecountry
123NavyUSA
265SpaceXUSA
362DoDUSA
192PentagonUSA
981CIAUSA
"orders" table Example Input:
order_iduser_idorder_dateproduct_idprice
617112306/08/2022 00:00:001011500
780226506/10/2022 00:00:001022000
529336206/18/2022 00:00:001033000
635219207/26/2022 00:00:001011500
451798107/05/2022 00:00:001045000

Answer:


This SQL query first joins the two tables on the column "user_id". After that, it applies a filter to include only transactions made in the year 2022. It then groups the rows by "user_id" and "name", calculates the total revenue by each group with the SUM function, and orders them in descending order of revenue. Finally, it selects the top 10 customers.

To practice a related super-user data analysis question on DataLemur's free interactive SQL code editor, try this Microsoft Teams Power User SQL Interview Question: Microsoft SQL Interview Question: Teams Super User

SQL Question #2: Monthly Number of Aerospace Products Manufactured

Assume that Lockheed owns multiple manufacturing plants, each responsible for manufacturing a variety of aerospace products.

The Director of Manufacturing Operations wants to analyze the monthly production output of each product at each manufacturing plant. The objective is to identify the most and least productive manufacturing plants each month based on the total quantity of each product manufactured. The director is also interested in the year-over-year changes in the number of each product manufactured at each plant.

Using the and tables below, create an SQL query that provides the total number of each product manufactured at each plant, month by month, along with comparisons to the same month in the previous year.

Example Input:
product_idmanufacturing_plantmanufacture_datequantity
PR001P00101/04/2021330
PR002P00101/04/2021200
PR001P00201/24/2021400
PR002P00201/24/2021150
PR001P00102/14/2021280
PR002P00102/14/2021230
PR001P00201/25/2022350
PR002P00201/25/2022270
Example Output:
mthyrproduct_idplantqtyqty_last_year
12021PR001P001330Null
12021PR002P001200Null
12021PR001P002400Null
12021PR002P002150Null
22021PR001P001280Null
22021PR002P001230Null
12022PR001P002350730
12022PR002P002270350

Answer:


This SQL query first groups the raw data by month, year, product ID, and manufacturing plant, and calculates the sum of quantity across each group. The window function then provides access to more than one row of a table at the same time without the need for a self-join. It's used here to retrieve the sum of quantity from the previous year (or the preceding row in the ordered partition), enabling a straightforward comparison of current and previous year monthly production quantities. If no data is available for the previous year, NULL is returned.

For more window function practice, solve this Uber SQL problem within DataLemur's interactive coding environment:

Uber Window Function SQL Interview Question

SQL QUESTION 3: What does the SQL keyword do?

The keyword removes duplicates from a query.

Suppose you had a table of Lockheed Martin customers, and wanted to figure out which cities the customers lived in, but didn't want duplicate results.

table:

namecity
AkashSF
BrittanyNYC
CarlosNYC
DiegoSeattle
EvaSF
FayeSeattle

You could write a query like this to filter out the repeated cities:


Your result would be:

city
SF
NYC
Seattle

SQL Question 4: Filtering Lockheed Martin Engineers Data

As a project manager at Lockheed Martin, you have access to a database with records of all engineers on your team. Each engineer has a profile containing details such as their employee ID, name, age, department, years of experience, and security clearance level.

For a new project that requires engineers who are under 30 years old, have at least 5 years of experience, and have a top secret security clearance level, write a SQL query to filter these specific engineers from the database.

Example Input:
emp_idnameagedepartmentyears_experiencesecurity_clearance
101Jane28Aerospace8Top Secret
102Dave32Defense6Secret
103Clara29Aerospace4Top Secret
104John27Cyber6Top Secret
105Brian30Aeronautics7Secret
Example Output:
emp_idnameagedepartmentyears_experiencesecurity_clearance
101Jane28Aerospace8Top Secret
104John27Cyber6Top Secret

Answer:


This query filters the data from the engineers' table based on the condition provided. The clause is used to filter the records. It has three conditions, returned engineers should be under 30 years old (), should have at least 5 years of experience (), and should have a top-secret security clearance (). The operator connects these three conditions, meaning all conditions must be satisfied ('true') for a record to be included in the result. This helps in filtering the exact needed data for the new project.

SQL QUESTION 5: In database design, what do foreign keys do?

A foreign key is a column or group of columns in a table that refers to the primary key in another table. The foreign key constraint helps maintain referential integrity between the two tables.

Let's examine employee data from Lockheed Martin's HR database:

:

+------------+------------+------------+------------+ | employee_id| first_name | last_name | manager_id | +------------+------------+------------+------------+ | 1 | Aubrey | Graham | 3 | | 2 | Marshal | Mathers | 3 | | 3 | Dwayne | Carter | 4 | | 4 | Shawn | Carter | | +------------+------------+------------+------------+

In this table, serves as the primary key and functions as a foreign key because it links to the of the employee's manager. This establishes a relationship between Lockheed Martin employees and their managers, allowing for easy querying to find an employee's manager or see which employees report to a specific manager.

The table may also have multiple foreign keys that reference primary keys in other tables. For example, and foreign keys could be used to connect each employee to their respective department and location.

SQL Question 6: Analyzing Customer and Project Data

As a data analyst at Lockheed Martin, you have been provided with two tables: and . The table contains information about your clients such as , , , and . The table contains details of each contract implemented by Lockheed Martin, with attributes such as , , , , and .

You are required to find out the total budget for each customer in each industry. Assume that in the table is a foreign key referencing from the table.

Example Input:
customer_idfirst_namelast_nameindustry
1JohnDoeAerospace
2JaneDoeDefense
3DavidSmithGovernment
4OliviaJohnsonAerospace
Example Input:
project_idcustomer_idbudgetstart_dateend_date
10115000006/01/202209/01/2022
10228000007/01/202210/01/2022
10317000006/15/202209/15/2022
104312000008/01/202211/01/2022
105411000009/01/202212/01/2022

Answer:


In the result of this query, each row represents an individual customer with their total budget spent across all projects. The results are grouped by industry and sorted by the total budget in descending order.

Because joins come up so often during SQL interviews, try an interactive Spotify JOIN SQL question: SQL join question from Spotify

SQL QUESTION 7: What are some ways you can identify duplicates in a table?

One way to find duplicatesis to use a clause and then use to find groups


You could also use the operator:


SQL QUESTION 10: What is database normalization?

Database normalization is the process of breaking down a table into smaller and more specific tables and defining relationships between them via foreign keys. This minimizes redundancy, and creates a database that's more flexible, scalable, and easier to maintain. It also helps to ensure the integrity of the data by minimizing the risk of data inconsistencies and anomalies.

Preparing For The Lockheed Martin SQL Interview

The best way to prepare for a SQL interview, besides making sure you have strong SQL fundamentals, is to practice a ton of real SQL questions that were asked in recent job interviews. Beyond just solving the above Lockheed Martin SQL interview questions, you should also solve the 200+ SQL questions on DataLemur which come from companies like Microsoft, Google, Amazon, and tech startups.

DataLemur Questions

Each DataLemur SQL question has hints to guide you, detailed solutions and best of all, there is an online SQL coding environment so you can instantly run your query and have it executed.

To prep for the Lockheed Martin SQL interview it is also helpful to practice SQL problems from other defense & aerospace contractors like:

However, if your SQL query skills are weak, forget about jumping right into solving questions – strengthen your SQL foundations with this SQL tutorial for Data Analytics.


This tutorial covers things like GROUP BY and window functions – both of which pop up often during Lockheed Martin interviews.

Lockheed Martin Data Science Interview Tips

What Do Lockheed Martin Data Science Interviews Cover?

For the Lockheed Martin Data Science Interview, besides SQL questions, the other types of questions to practice:

  • Probability & Statistics Questions
  • Python or R Coding Questions
  • Data Case Study Questions
  • ML Modelling Questions
  • Behavioral Interview Questions

How To Prepare for Lockheed Martin Data Science Interviews?

To prepare for Lockheed Martin Data Science interviews read the book Ace the Data Science Interview because it's got:

  • 201 interview questions taken from Facebook, Google & startups
  • a crash course on Stats, ML, & Data Case Studies
  • over 900+ reviews on Amazon & 4.5-star rating

Ace the Data Science Interview by Nick Singh Kevin Huo