9 Lumentum SQL Interview Questions (Updated 2024)

Updated on

March 3, 2024

At Lumentum, SQL is crucial for analyzing manufacturing data and optimizing supply chain efficiencies. That's why Lumentum LOVES to ask SQL query questions in interviews for Data Science, Data Engineering and Data Analytics jobs.

To help you prepare for the Lumentum SQL interview, we've collected 9 Lumentum SQL interview questions – able to solve them?

9 Lumentum SQL Interview Questions

SQL Question 1: Identifying VIP Customers at Lumentum

Lumentum makes optical and photonic products for corporate clients. One crucial customer activity is project initiation, where a customer client starts a new project using Lumentum products. The more projects a client starts, the more valuable they are to the company. A "VIP" client shall be defined as a client company who has started more than 3 projects in a month. Write a SQL query to identify these VIP client companies.

Example Input:
Example Output:


The above query works by first extracting the month and year from the project start date. It then groups the data by month, year, and client ID and counts the number of projects each client has started during each month of each year. The HAVING clause filters the data so that only clients who have started more than 3 projects in a month are included in the final result.

To solve a related customer analytics question on DataLemur's free online SQL coding environment, try this recently asked Microsoft SQL interview question: Microsoft SQL Interview Question: Teams Super User

SQL Question 2: Calculate the Average Monthly Sales Volume Per Product

Imagine you're a data analyst at Lumentum, and you're presented with the task of determining the average monthly sales volume per product. The table contains real-time sales data, including the product id, sales volume, and the time of each transaction. Lumentum wants to make sure that their product portfolio is balanced, and they need to make key decisions based on monthly performance of each product. Your task is to write a PostgreSQL query that calculates the total sales volume for each product per month using window functions.

Example Input
0012022-06-01 10:00:00A11000
0022022-06-01 11:00:00A21500
0032022-06-15 15:00:00A11000
0042022-07-01 10:00:00A11000
0052022-07-02 11:00:00A21500
0062022-07-15 15:00:00A21500


We'll use the function as a window function here in combination with the clause and :

This query first generates a Common Table Expression (CTE) where it extracts the month from the transaction time and selects the product id and volume. Then, it calculates the monthly sales volume per product using the window function and sorts the result by product id and month. The clause categorizes the data into partitions based on product id and month, and the function is applied to each of these partitions separately.

For more window function practice, try this Uber SQL Interview Question on DataLemur's online SQL coding environment:

Uber Window Function SQL Interview Question

SQL Question 3: Does a typically give the same results as a ?

For all practical purposes, and do NOT produce the same results.

While both are similar in that they combine two tables, you can think of joins as increasing the width of the resulting table (you'll have more columns in the result set for a left/inner/right join), whereas a union is used to combine rows which increases the height of the result set but keeps the column count the same.

If your familiar with set operations, you can think of a as set addition, whereas a is set multiplication.

Lumentum SQL Interview Questions

SQL Question 4: Lumentum Component Allocation Analysis

Lumentum is a high-tech company producing optical and photonic products driving networking, telecommunications, and data transmission advancements. They rely on many different components to manufacture their products. Assume for a moment you have been hired as their Database Manager and they present you with the following business problem:

"We have a table of products (), a table for the components needed to make those products (), and an associative table () detailing how many of each component go into each product. We want a way to quickly determine the total quantities of each component required to manufacture a given quantity of a product. For a start, we need an SQL query to solve this for product_id 50001 with a quantity of 50 units. Can you help us?"

The tables are structured as follows:

Sample Input:
50001Optical AmplifierAn amplifier designed to amplify optical signals
69852Fiber LaserA laser in which the active gain medium is an optical fiber
Sample Input:
1Optical DiodeA crucial component for any optical device
2Laser PumpA component that excites the gain medium in a laser
Sample Input:


Based on the problem statement and the provided tables, the following SQL query will provide us the required solution:

This query joins the three tables and multiplies the component quantity required by the production units for the specific product (in this case, 50 units of product_id 50001). It will provide a breakdown of all the components needed and the total quantity required of each to manufacture the desired quantity of the product.

SQL Question 5: What's the difference between and ?

The operator combines two or more results from multiple SELECT queries into a single result. If it encounters duplicate rows, the multiple copies are removed (so there's only one instance of each would-be duplicate in the result set). Here's an example of a operator which combines all rows from and (making sure each row is unique):

The operator is similar to the operator but it does NOT remove duplicate rows!

SQL Question 6: Calculate Average Sales of Each Product Category over Each Quarter

For Lumentum, a company that is a market-leading manufacturer of innovative optical and photonics products, you are required to write a query that computes the average sales value of each product category over each quarter of the year 2022.

Consider the following tables:

Example Input:
Example Input:

The query should return the average sales values (i.e., unit price multiplied by units sold) per quarter for each product category.

Example Output:


This query first joins the sales table with the products table on the product_id column. Then it uses PostgreSQL's function to extract the quarter from the field. The aggregation function is used to calculate the average sales value (unit_price * units_sold) for each group, where the groups are defined by the clause on the quarter and category fields.

SQL Question 7: What is the process for finding records in one table that do not exist in another?

To find records in one table that aren't in another, you can use a and check for values in the right-side table.

Here's an example using two tables, Lumentum employees and Lumentum managers:

This query returns all rows from Lumentum employees where there is no matching row in managers based on the column.

You can also use the operator in PostgreSQL and Microsoft SQL Server to return the records that are in the first table but not in the second. Here is an example:

This will return all rows from employees that are not in managers. The operator works by returning the rows that are returned by the first query, but not by the second.

Note that isn't supported by all DBMS systems, like in MySQL and Oracle (but have no fear, since you can use the operator to achieve a similar result).

SQL Question 8: Fetch Clients with 'Tech' in their Names

Lumentum, as a technology company, has numerous clients dealing with varying degrees of technology. But, for a new campaign, the company needs to target clients whose names explicitly include the word 'Tech'.

Write a SQL query that will allow Lumentum to fetch all clients from their database whose names consist of the word 'Tech'.

Example Input:
1923Biotech Firm10/09/2018Germany
5832Supreme Tech Ltd.12/12/2020UK
0928Agri Products02/05/2018USA
Example Output:
1923Biotech FirmGermany
5832Supreme Tech Ltd.UK


This SQL query uses the keyword as a filter inside a condition. The '%' sign is a wild card that matches any number of characters. So, the query will return any client whose name contains 'Tech' anywhere in their name. The selection includes the client_id, client_name, and country, as per the request of the question.

SQL Question 9: Analyze customer orders with product details

You are given two tables and . Table contains information about the customers and table contains information about the orders made by these customers.

You are required to write a SQL query to find the total amount spent per customer and also identify the most expensive product purchased by each customer. Join these tables together and present the information in a single table.

Example Input:
Example Input:
10011iPhone X700
10021AirPods Pro200
10032Samsung Galaxy S21800
10042Galaxy Buds Pro199
10053iPhone 12 Pro999
10063AirPods Pro200


This query first creates a subquery that computes the total amount spent and the cost of the most expensive purchase for each customer from the table. This subquery is then joined on the table using the field to get the customer details. Finally, it is joined again on the table to retrieve the name of the most expensive product, ensuring we are matching on both the and the most expensive purchase price. The final output will provide information about each customer's first name, last name, the most expensive product they've purchased, and the total amount they've spent.

Because joins come up routinely during SQL interviews, take a stab at this SQL join question from Spotify: Spotify JOIN SQL question

How To Prepare for the Lumentum SQL Interview

The best way to prepare for a SQL interview, besides making sure you have strong SQL fundamentals, is to practice a ton of real SQL questions that were asked in recent job interviews. Besides solving the earlier Lumentum SQL interview questions, you should also solve the 200+ SQL questions from real Data Science & Analytics interviews which come from companies like Netflix, Airbnb, and Amazon. DataLemur Questions

Each interview question has multiple hints, full answers and crucially, there's an interactive coding environment so you can right in the browser run your SQL query and have it checked.

To prep for the Lumentum SQL interview it is also useful to solve SQL problems from other tech companies like:

However, if your SQL skills are weak, don't worry about jumping right into solving questions – improve your SQL foundations with this DataLemur SQL Tutorial.

DataLemur SQL Tutorial for Data Science

This tutorial covers SQL topics like filtering data with WHERE and filtering on multiple conditions using AND/OR/NOT – both of these come up routinely during Lumentum SQL interviews.

Lumentum Data Science Interview Tips

What Do Lumentum Data Science Interviews Cover?

In addition to SQL interview questions, the other types of problems to practice for the Lumentum Data Science Interview are:

  • Statistics and Probability Questions
  • Coding Questions in Python or R
  • Data Case Study Questions
  • ML Interview Questions
  • Behavioral Interview Questions

Lumentum Data Scientist

How To Prepare for Lumentum Data Science Interviews?

The best way to prepare for Lumentum Data Science interviews is by reading Ace the Data Science Interview. The book's got:

  • 201 Interview Questions from FAANG & startups
  • A Refresher covering Stats, ML, & Data Case Studies
  • Great Reviews (900+ reviews, 4.5-star rating)

Acing Data Science Interview